An interesting article recently ran in the Fort Worth Weekly (Texas), discussing the looming competition that is about to arrive from imported liquefied natural gas (LNG). The context of the article is mostly about how an increase in imports will affect energy companies and workers in the Barnett Shale play in Texas. However, the coming competition will affect all natural gas plays in the U.S., including the Marcellus.
The United States has imported natural gas for decades — it’s already the fourth largest importer of natural gas in the world, buying mostly from Canada and Mexico. This country has also been importing LNG for about 20 years, primarily from Algeria and the Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago.
In the last few years, however, several factors have combined to make LNG importing much easier. The three new LNG terminals and 15 more in the planning or construction stages — on the East, West, and Gulf coasts — will triple the United States’ capacity for handling such imports. The prices of building LNG carrier ships has dropped sharply in the last decade, and the newest ships use much less fuel to get across the ocean than the older generation of such tankers, leading to a tripling of the worldwide LNG fleet. For those reasons and others, bigger players have entered the game: Egypt, Nigeria, and Qatar — home to the world’s largest natural gas field — have also begun selling to the United States. And they are delivering LNG at rates competitive with what it costs to produce the gas domestically.
The author of the article concludes this situation is good for consumers (lower prices), but potentially bad for those in the industry. But is continued dependency on foreign sources for our domestic energy needs really good for consumers–indeed all Americans? The beauty of horizontal drilling and plays like the Marcellus are to get us away from our energy dependence on potentially hostile foreign countries. In this author’s opinion, it would be a tragedy to repeat the same mistakes with natural gas that we have with oil.
Read the full article: Cool Competition: A new wave of imports could undercut Barnett Shale drillers